Lapel Pin Types
Cloisonne Lapel Pins
Sometimes called epola or hard enamel, cloisonné is stamped out from a sheet of copper. The stamping leaves recessed areas, or pools, which are filled with enamel powder and high fired at 800 - 900 degrees. After cooling, the surface of the pin is ground down to a smooth finish and then the copper is plated.
Soft Enamel Lapel Pins
This process is like epola and cloisonné in that strips of metal separate areas of color. Unlike cloisonné, the areas of color rest below the metal strip surface, which can be felt when you run your finger over the surface. Like the photo etched process, the top can be covered with protective epoxy so that the piece appears smooth.
Silk Screened lapel pins
Screen printing, a.k.a. silk screening is produced by applying each color to the metal base using a "silk screen" process. These are blocks of solid color. A very thin epoxy coat protects the color material from scratching.
Die Struck Lapel Pins
Die struck lapel pins are classic and simple. They are made by stamping the design into a sheet of steel, brass or copper. The pin is then plated in one of many different plantings available.
One of the most popular modern methods of attaching pins is the butterfly clutch, sometimes called a military clutch. The back of the pin has a small prong attached and when the butterfly clutch is squeezed and pulled up from the prong the pin is released from the clutch. Butterfly clutches may be made out of metal, plastic, or rubber.
Rubber clutch's are the same as the standard clutch with the exception that it is covered in rubber for a protective and soft finish.
Magnetic clasps are composed of a small disc magnet that is attracted to another magnet that is attached to the back of the pin. Although this method is generally less secure, it is designed to prevent hole punctures in garments.
A screw and nut clasp is one of the most secure. The prong is threaded so that the nut screws into place to hold the pin firmly.
The jewelry clutch, or tie tack, is a simple but elegant design. The clutch locks into place when it covers the prong.
A safety clasp is similar to a safety pin in design. A long pin prong tucks under a small hook or clasp to hold the pin in place.
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